Natalia Borissova's working notes about Non Green Gardening (NGG) during 'Gardener and Machinist in Residence' at Time's Up. Linz. 2012
  • Meet the site and analyze the given environment from the 'fungamental' perspective (sun/shadow, wind, humidity, type of plants, trees, garden wastes, inhabitants, conditions for myco/perma-oriented creativity)
  • Determine suitable, desirable mushroom varieties and locations for the next visit devoted to the practical integration and association of mushrooms and plants
  • Inoculate some available logs for the indoor/outdoor colonization
  • Sketch out NGG timeline, milestones and 'events' up to October 2012
  • Harvest some more logs
  • Theoretical research
  • Process documentation along the way

List for materials making a mushroom log indoor:

  • Logs (hardwood)
  • Sawdust and wood chips (hardwood)
  • Mushroom spawn
  • Wood twist drill/10 mm
  • Beeswax
  • Paintbrush
  • Mallet (preferably with a rubber head)
  • Some covering material for the logs to keep moist (transparent garbage bags or so)
  • 3-4 flower pots (or any found containers, or Pflanz-taschen set) big enough to be used for putting 1/3 logs upright into it to keep indoor.
  • Chainsaw
  • 3% Hydrogen peroxide
  • Moisture meter/Feuchtigkeitsmesser (optional)
  • Heat source around ( to melt the beeswax)

Host-logs available for the visit 14-18.3.12

  • Ash (2×100/20sm)
  • Alder (1×100/20sm)
  • Beech
  • Birch

Mushroom spawns ordered

  • 1 Changeable agaric mushroom, 50 inoculated plugs
  • 1 Nameko, 50 inoculated plugs
  • 1 Elm oyster mushroom, 50 inoculated plugs

Matching type of wood to type of mushroom

  • Changeable agaric/Beech, Birch and Alder

(Oak, Ash, Poplar, Willow, Edible chestnut – possible; Conifers - less)

  • Nameko/Beech, Oak, Birch

(Poplar, Willow, healthy wood from fruit trees – possible)

  • Elm oyster/Beech, Poplar, Linden (lime), Maple, Willow, Aspen, Alder and Birch.

(do not grow well on Oak)

Beginning of May: garden and mushrooms Inside: quickly growing. Multiple types, different methods and substrates Calendar of various results. Keeping track of what works:

  • Wood type
  • Mushroom type
  • Location
  • Method
  • Substrate recipes
  • How to sit the mushroom logs, type of bed layered, content and construction
  • Out the back, narrow, playground, different beds, i.e. multiple structures of layers, different logs. Burying some logs in the ground (completely and 1/3) to soak up water from the ground. Danger of animals digging the beds up.
    • 20-30 cm wide, depth of wood chips/sawdust 2 x 5-10cm
    • Inoculated logs completely buried in soil, horizontally
    • Inoculated logs upright, 1/3 flower pots indoor and in soil outside
    • Substrates
    • Mushroom types: Elm oyster, (King stropharia, Shaggy mane - next visit/garden), Nameko, Shiitake (slimy and delicious), Leion's mane, Changeable agaric. Mixing mushroom mysilia is not good.
    • Some logs partially buried (soil, pots, in/outdoor) first meeting
  • Tomato beds: half-half wooden chips-sawdust, mycelium and soil (pizza-bed). Layers for mycelium: soil, wood chips, inoculated grains, wood chips, paper/card with holes, soil with plants into the holes: tomatoes, basil,… extra foods, e.g. dog food/cat soup should be good for mushrooms
  • Make connection with Mykologische Arbeitsgemeinschaft, Botanischer Garten in Linz and local fungi-addicted people
  • 14-18.3.12
    • Inoculate the logs we have and store them where appropriate.
    • Some logs buried - need some sawdust.
    • Prepare the first log-beds out the back
    • Chainsaw to size
    • Woodchips with the electric plane and pasteurize them
  • Mid April fresh sawdust and wood chips - 2 weeks beforehand is optimal. 3 weeks less so but okay.
  • Also collect used espresso grounds.
  • 1st week in May
    • 7-10 days
    • Setting up more or less everything!
    • Workshop on 5th May - 'Spawn-2-substrate techniques, low-tek propagation'
    • Materials all prepared: spawn, logs, beeswax, chips, sawdust, coffee grounds
    • Workshop for people to come and take home a next generation
    • Workshop people making the logs for us and maybe taking one with them - knowledge exchange
    • Indoor wood chips and grains - this is for the June 'clone party'
    • Get in contact with Leos friend (mushroom expert) - get details off Leo/set a time for an informal meeting
  • Third phase depends on when the mushrooms come. 2 weeks later for indoor. Outdoor will be even later (2 month) - late July through October.
  • Logs might take 0.5 years to start and be (fully) productive.
    • Cloning event in June - say around 18-27 June
    • We will see the mycelium 2 weeks beforehand. It looks like a cake. Then shock it (light, maybe cold), open it slightly (fresh air), wait a few days 3-4, then pinning. Then 7 days to the mushroom. 5-7 days of mushrooms before they dry out.
    • Cloning from stems.
    • Main event mid/end September. Details to follow.
  • Ongoing - every 2-3 years beds expending. Logs can produce 2-8 years depending on the type of mushroom, wood, size of the log and conditions.
  • Outdoor:
    • Elm/2 x Beech/plugs (upright, 1/3 into the soil)
    • Changeable agaric/1 x Ash, 1 x Birch, 1 x Alder/plugs (upright, 1/3 into the soil)
    • Nomeko/2 x Beech/plugs, 1 x Birch (long configuration/soil)
    • Leon's mane/2 x Beech/old grains (upright, 1/3, soil)
  • Indoor:
    • Oysters/sawdust + coffee/stem butts (flower pot)
    • Leon's mane/sawdust + coffee/(old)grains (log upright 1/3, flower pot)
    • Changeable agaric/plugs/1 x Birch, 1 x Alder (log upright 1/3, flower pot)
    • Oysters/sawdust + coffee/stem butts (flower pot)
    • Shiitake/sawdust + coffee/grains (flower pot)
    • Elm/sawdust/plugs (2 x toilet paper)


  • 'SHROM-SHROOM' WORKSHOP: Some non-sterile methods and simple procedures, fast-to-grow mushroom-varieties, experimental substrates and growing mediums for starting up your potential non-green-garden at home, yard and any other in/outdoor habitat.
  • NGG indoor
  • NGG inter-planted with GG. Bed-culture outdoor. (Artificial beds in front - experimental 'hanging myco-bed' with (plants/kitchen greens and mushrooms interplanted)
  • Myco bed-culture outdoor ('Stopharia path', Stopharia straw bed, 'Hugelkultur raised bed'=potato interplanted with mushrooms oysters)

Material for the workshop and indoor garden:

  • Mushrooms spawn
  • Fresh (Wheat) straw
  • Hardwood chips
  • Hardwood, sawdust or Hartholz-Pellets
  • Hardwood logs, 10-20 cm diameter x 50-60 cm long
  • Coconut coir/kokosfaser
  • Lime (limestone)/calcium carbonate (CaCO3)/garten kalk/kalkhydrat (affects soil pH)
  • Garden gypsum aka calcium sulfate (CaSO4)
  • Recycled pelleted paper fiber (optional)
  • Used coffee grains
  • Vermiculite (optional)
  • Paper/nursery pots (optional)
  • Paper plates or plastic plates
  • Ordinary trash bags (transparent)
  • 3% peroxide solution
  • Old cotton pillow (to soak straw and w. chips)
  • Paper grocery or paper lawn sized bags (to cover totem-logs)
  • Plastic bags, black or white, sized (to completely enclose totem-logs and

close over the top)

  • Bran(Kleie)
  • Hay mini-bales (optional)
  • Color pHast strips with a pH 4 to 10 range to measure the soil pH
  • Horse poo (optional)
  • Cow poo (optional)
  • Chicken manure (optional)
  • Wild bird seed
  • Vegetable oil (optional)
  • Kelp meal (optional)

to collect:

  • Cardboard boxes/egg-boxes
  • Egg shells
  • Coffee (clean pot/bag. do not mix it with anything else. keep it covered)
  • Newspapers
  • Cotton waste (cloth etc)
  • Containers/Laundry baskets with holes
  • Human/animal urine (the fresh one;)
  • Dry (oak) leaves (parks, forest)

Artificial mixed-garden in front - 'hanging myco-beds with kitchen garden and mushrooms interplanted

For instance:

  • Spawn (Stropharia)
  • Fresh (Wheat) straw
  • Fresh hardwood chips (up to 6 months’ old Alder, Maple, Birch, Cottonwood, Ash no more than 20% of pile)
  • Cardboards
  • plants can be used:
  • 3 x tomatoes
  • 3 x basil
  • 1 x oregano
  • 1 x thyme
  • 1 x garlic/onion
  • 1 x eggplant (try to find a substitute if you do not like it)
  • 1 x zucchini (try to find a substitute if you do not like it)
  • 1 x marjoram
  • Compost (later on)

Beds in the back of the building

'Stopharia path'

  • Spawn (Stropharia rugusoannulata)
  • Mixed hardwood (work best)
  • Dog or/and cat food soup as a fertilizer (optional)
  • Weeds/cardboard

'Stopharia straw bed'

  • spawn (Stropharia rugusoannulata)
  • fresh wheat straw
  • cover (old sesame bags, cloth, cardboards, grass shade)

'Hugelkultur raised bed' - potato interplanted with mushrooms (oysters)

We can try to experiment with hugelkultur raised (up to 2m high) bed potato interplanted with mushrooms (for urban conditions = it can be built on top of bare ground, concrete, gravel or hanging..)

  • Rotting wood/branches/woody debris
  • Leaves, straw, woodchips, manure, and or compost and soil
  • Wood ash
  • Weeds
  • Hedge clippings
  • Garden soil
  • Coffee grounds
  • Compost and or manure
  • Diluted pee
  • Crushed egg shells
  • Some logs for the edges (can be mushrooms inoculated)
  • Mulch inoculated with gourmet mushrooms
  • Veggies

Mushroom species ordered:

  • 3 x Brown stew fungus, straw spawn 1 litre
  • 1 x Oyster mushroom “Florida” 1 litre
  • 1 x Pleurotus pulmonarius 1 litre
  • 2 x Pink oyster mushroom, grain spawn 1 litre
  • 1 x Elm oyster mushroom, grain spawn 1 litre
  • 1 x Oyster mushroom, grain spawn 1 litre

Inoculation workshop schedule:

  • 1-2 pm - short intro to mushrooms and 'home-cultivation TEK'
  • 2-3.30 pm - hand's on participative demonstrations of log-inoculation methods (bolt, totem and wedge)
  • 30 min - coffee break (to 'produce' coffee grains for the 2d part of the workshop)
  • 4 – 4.30 pm hands-on demonstrations of inoculation
  • 4.30 – 6/7 pm - inoculation party = 'make your hands clean' experimenting with several recipes of the bulk substrates and mushroom species for the indoor and outdoor growing.

More details and images at:

  • Maintenance of the fungal colonies indoor: transferring inoculated mediums from the incubation room/period to the growing-room/period and birthing the fungal mycelium.
  • Maintenance of the fungal colonies outdoor (logs and mushroom beds at the backside of the building).
  • Finishing the experimental design of the mushroom-hugelkulture bed.
  • The interplanting of mushrooms with plants at the suspended and hugel-bed/s.
  • Theoretical research and process documentation along the way.
  • Writing a set of instructions on 'how to maintain in/outdoor mushrooms in order to support the few more indoor-flushes and prepare for the outdoor-fruiting in middle summer. (I'll be away till the middle of August).
  • Over viewing and organizing of all the 'myco-experience' @ TU-and-Home NGG into on-/off line smth.
  • 'Lets have a nice “fest”' = (un-)presentation while harvesting, cooking and consuming fruits of all over summer labor of NGG and GG.
  • Preparing beds and logs for winter.
  • What's 'next'?
  • resilients/non_green_gardening_notes.txt
  • Last modified: 2013-02-12 04:28
  • by alkan